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《第十二夜》读后感

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guofwnnmv

回复 1 楼 2016-10-17

《第十二夜》读后感 1000字

  这是一部关于爱情的喜剧。他虽没有《罗密欧与朱丽叶》的凄美哀婉,让人无限感叹爱情的伟大现实的残酷。却充满了奇遇与惊喜,它更青春。

  《第十二夜》讲的是:西巴斯辛和薇奥拉是相貌相同的孪生兄妹。在一次航海事故中,两人在伊利里亚岸边失散。薇奥拉以为哥哥身遭不幸,便女扮男装,化名西萨里奥,投到当地奥西诺公爵的门下当侍童。奥西诺公爵派薇奥拉替他向年轻貌美而富有的伯爵小姐奥丽维娅求婚。可是,这时薇奥拉已经暗暗地爱上了主人奥西诺。而奥丽维娅却对代主求婚的薇奥拉一见钟情。事情变得微妙复杂了。

  与此同时,一个密谋正在奥丽维娅家中进行。她的叔父托比等人由于受到傲慢的大管家马伏里奥的斥责,便对他进行报复。他们模仿奥丽维娅的笔迹写了一封情书给马伏里奥,信中鼓励马大胆求爱,并要他经常穿着令人厌恶的黄色长袜。马伏里奥鬼迷心窍,上了他们的当,丑态百出;而奥丽维娅则以为管家在发疯。

  为赢得奥丽维娅的芳心,奥西诺再次派薇奥拉到奥丽维娅的家中游说。奥丽维娅愈加爱慕薇奥拉了。而奥丽维娅的叔父却执意要将她嫁给蠢笨的富户安德鲁,于是便与奥丽维娅的女仆玛莉娅一起极力鼓动安德鲁和薇奥拉决斗。

  原来薇奥拉的哥哥西巴斯辛遇难时被海盗船长安东尼奥所救,俩人结成莫逆之交。来到伊利里亚后,由于安东尼奥船长惧怕伊利里亚当局的追捕,不能陪西巴斯辛逛城,便把钱袋交给他使用。

  安东尼奥船长意外地碰到正在和安德鲁决斗的薇奥拉,他错把她当成她的哥哥西巴斯辛,遂上前拔刀相助。然而,路过此地的警察认出了他并把他逮捕。安东尼奥看到薇奥拉对自己被捕既无动于衷,也不肯还他钱袋,大为吃惊,遂指责她忘恩负义。安德鲁等人还想找薇奥拉决斗,但是他们遇到了西巴斯辛,错把他当成薇奥拉,便拔剑相向,幸被及时赶来的奥丽维娅所制止。奥丽维娅也错把西巴斯辛当成薇奥拉,并把他请到家里表示爱情,俩人遂私下结百年之好。

  马伏里奥被宣布患有精神错乱而关进了暗室,并被装扮成牧师的小丑百般戏弄。后来马伏里奥得机写信向奥丽维娅小姐申辩,才使得真相大白。

  最后,西巴斯辛和薇奥拉兄妹重逢,西巴斯辛和奥丽维娅相爱,奥西诺公爵被薇奥拉的品貌所感动,宣布娶她为妻,安东尼奥船长亦获自由。除马伏里奥外,众人皆大欢喜。

  《第十二夜》的语言充满抒情色彩,奥西诺的语言感伤忧郁,奥丽 维娅的语言则多愁善感,薇奥拉的语言又华丽动人。同时,莎士比亚还 在剧中穿插了大量的诗句,既表达了某种思想,又增加了全剧的音乐美 和韵律美。


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九九桂一

回复 2 楼 2016-10-17

《第十二夜》读后感 1200字

  《第十二夜》(或《各遂所愿》)是莎士比亚著名喜剧之一,约作于1600 年,全剧五幕十八常主要情节是:伊利里亚公爵奥西诺向奥丽维亚小姐求爱,屡遭拒绝。这时,一对孪生兄妹航海到伊利里亚,在附近海上遇难。妹妹薇奥拉改扮男装,投身奥西诺公爵家中为侍童,并充当了代他向奥丽维亚小姐求爱的使者。奥丽维娅对女扮男装的薇奥拉一见钟情,而薇奥拉却偷偷爱上了公爵。后来,奥丽维亚碰巧遇上薇奥拉的孪生兄长西巴斯辛,两人以误就误地结成夫妇。公爵也和薇奥拉终成眷属。全剧以兄妹相聚,情人结合而告终。

  《第十二夜》讲的是:西巴斯辛和薇奥拉是相貌相同的孪生兄妹。在一次航海事故中,两人在伊利里亚岸边失散。薇奥拉以为哥哥身遭不幸,便女扮男装,化名西萨里奥,投到当地奥西诺公爵的门下当侍童。奥西诺公爵派薇奥拉替他向年轻貌美而富有的伯爵小姐奥丽维娅求婚。可是,这时薇奥拉已经暗暗地爱上了主人奥西诺。而奥丽维娅却对代主求婚的薇奥拉一见钟情。事情变得微妙复杂了。

  本来爱情就是没有界线的:它不分等级职业,不分地域肤色,不分长幼学识;爱情也是不守教条的:它没有公式,没有程式,没有套式;爱情还是不讲条件的:它不要求等价交换,不要求前因后果,不要求礼尚往来。然而,人类生活不能没有爱情,而爱情不能没有道德,爱情不能没有法则,爱情不能没有理解,爱情不能没有奉献……,也不是情爱,但爱情不能没有真,不能没有情,不能没有爱。我本人很喜欢这故事。它让我想起了我们中国古代的《花木兰》。同样的巾帼不让须眉。却与我们反映的不一样。它反映了人们的爱情或人性中可笑的成份和弱点。

  不论悲剧还是喜剧,其中关系爱情的内容都有举足轻重的成份,这篇作品也是如此,因为爱是人类的太阳,爱情是生活的阳光。但这篇故事,似乎是些没事找事的无聊把戏,其与社会性和现实意义都不大贴近,好像在反映人们爱情或人性中可笑的成份和弱点。比如管家马伏里奥对主人奥丽维霞的爱就是没有自知之明而迷了心窍的笑料;而安德鲁爵士对奥丽维霞的爱也是昏了头的疯狂之举。奥丽维霞这位已故伯爵的女儿,因其富有和美貌还让一位大公爵(本地的统治者)害着百折不回的单相思。因她爱着的薇奥拉是爱慕公爵(却还要苦苦为公爵与她牵线撮合)的女扮男装者,最后是天公作美,把面孔、声音和装束都与薇奥拉相同的薇奥拉的哥哥瑟巴斯辛替换给了她做真的如意郎君。这对儿形同一人的兄妹,是遇海难分散后分别被船长安东尼奥相救脱险又相援求生的。当公爵得知对奥丽维霞的爱永无结果而又发现薇奥拉原来是爱着他的女儿身之后也就转爱给薇奥拉了。第三对成双的是奥丽维霞的叔父托比和她的侍女玛莉霞,他俩没有感情基础,但地位和等级还算相当。他们结合的理由也不充分,只是托比这个寄于侄女奥丽维霞篱下的空白爵士,为作践看不上眼的管家马伏里奥而让玛莉霞写了一封奥丽维霞向马伏里奥示爱的假信。因此仅仅为酬劳玛莉霞,托比才决定与其结婚,真是玩笑一样,其实又不是玩笑。


北京o晴天娃娃

回复 3 楼 2016-10-17

《第十二夜》读后感

  Various critics divide Twelfth Night into various types of plots and/or subplots. Regardless of the exact number of plots and subplots, however, the main thing is that they are all woven together with immense skill to ultimately compose a single pattern or tapestry. There is, first, the group centering around the ducal nobility of Illyria: this group consists of Duke Orsino and his attendants, who open the play, and the Countess Olivia, who is the main topic of discussion of the opening scene. Then there is the group of shipwrecked personages centering on Viola and Sebastian, the twins, and their friends, Viola's sea captain who fades from the action, and, more important, Antonio, who plays a significant role later in the comedy. Both Viola and Sebastian are, of course, later absorbed into the nobility of Illyria. Then there is the merry group of pranksters, gullers, and tricksters, led by Sir Toby Belch and Maria; this group also includes Sir Andrew Aguecheek (who is included because his income supports the other members of this group), Fabian, and Feste, the Clown. Through Feste, all of the groups are connected by his free movement from one group to another as he is equally at home singing for Duke Orsino, or proving Lady Olivia to be a fool for so excessively mourning for her brother, or in planning a trick with Sir Toby. Then outside of all of these groups stands Malvolio, Lady Olivia's puritanical steward. His colossal vanity and egotism get between him and everything that he sees and does. Thus, he has already gotten on the wrong side of Maria, Feste, and Sir Toby, and the plot involving their determination to take their revenge upon him provides the best humor of the play.

  Malvolio is socially and sexually ambitious; Maria realizes this and writes a letter purporting to come from the Countess Olivia, making Malvolio believe that his lady is in love with him and wishes to marry him; the letter also asks him to be firm and obstinate with her uncle, Sir Toby, to be arrogant to the other servants, and to dress in yellow stockings and go cross-gartered, and to smile all the time when he is near her. Malvolio finds the letter on the garden path and falls for the trick as he is watched gleefully by the group led by Maria and Sir Toby.

  Viola disguises herself as a boy in order to protect herself and to obtain employment by Duke Orsino and quickly finds her way (as Cesario, the youth) into his favor; she is then sent to woo the Countess Olivia, much against Viola's will, for she has fallen in love with Count Orsino herself. Countess Olivia, who cannot love Duke Orsino, falls immediately in love with the messenger, Cesario, thus creating an amusing triangle which produces several complications. The arrival of Viola's twin brother, Sebastian (previously presumed drowned), sorts everything out matrimonially. Sebastian marries Olivia, Orsino marries Viola, and Sir Toby marries Maria for having played such an excellent trick on Malvolio.

  This is one of Shakespeare's most popular, lightest, and most musical of all his comedies, and its staging continues to delight audiences all over the world