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圣诞节的英文

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PQ8J9P

回复 1 楼 2016-11-25

圣诞节的英文

  圣诞节的英文单词是什么?圣诞节的英文单词怎么写?

  圣诞节快乐英文 Merry Christmas

  圣诞节 [shèng dàn jié]

  n.Christmas Day; Christmas

  短语:

  1.圣诞节礼物 Christmas present; Christmas box;

  2.圣诞节前夜 Christmas Eve

  双语例句

  1.在圣诞节前,我一直和他住在一起。

  I mucked in with him till Christmas. 《21世纪大英汉词典》

  2.我们装饰房子过圣诞节。

  We decorated the house for Christmas. 《新英汉大辞典》

  3.我们装饰房子迎圣诞节。

  They decorated the house for Christmas. 《21世纪大英汉词典》


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致命罂粟花520

回复 2 楼 2016-11-25

圣诞节英语介绍

  Christmas is one of the most beautiful holidays of all time. It is the day when Gods son was born on earth. Hence, this day is sacred for all Christians around the world. The Christmas season gives rise to a number of Christmas traditions that come along. Here are a few of them that are celebrated with zest and enthusiasm worldwide for centuries.

  圣诞节一直是个美好的节日。这是上帝之子诞生的日子,因此对世界各地的基督徒来说,这一天是非常神圣的。圣诞季节自然少不了各种圣诞传统。下面这些传统,可是几个世纪以来一直世界各地的人们一直热闹欢庆的习俗。

  On this day, many go to church, where they take part in special religious services. During the Christmas season, they also exchange gifts and decorate their homes with holly, mistletoe, and Christmas trees.

  圣诞节当天,许多人会去教堂,在圣诞节,他们还会交换礼物,及用冬青、榭寄生和圣诞树来装饰自己的家。

  Preparation of the Christmas cake

  烘烤圣诞蛋糕

  This was an English tradition which started centuries ago. On Christmas eve, plum porridge was served to the people. As years passed, various other things like dry fruits, honey and spices were used. Soon this porridge got replaced with the Christmas cake. Christmas cakes are made using eggs, butter, confections, fruits, etc. Today a Christmas cake is an integral part of a Christmas menu.

  这项英式传统早在几个世纪以前就流传开了,以前人们在平安夜喝梅花粥。随着时间慢慢推移,人们还会享用果脯、蜂蜜及香料食物等,随后圣诞蛋糕便代替梅花粥出现了。圣诞蛋糕由鸡蛋、黄油、甜点、水果等烘制而成。现如今,圣诞蛋糕已成为圣诞菜谱不可或缺的一部分。

  Decorating the Christmas tree

  装扮圣诞树

  This refers to the tradition of decorating a pine tree using lights, tinsels, garlands, ornaments, candy canes, etc. Today, a Christmas tree is an indispensable part of Christmas celebration.

  这个传统指的是用彩灯、金箔、花环、饰品、糖果条等装扮松树。现如今,圣诞树也是欢庆节日不可或缺的一部分。

  Lighting up the Christmas candle

  点燃圣诞蜡烛

  This refers to the tradition of placing a lighted candle outside houses during the Christmas season. A candle signifies hope as it brings light even to the darkest room. In the earlier times, when Christians were persecuted, they were not allowed to practice prayers. Hence, a single candle used to be placed outside the house as a sign that Christian prayers were being conducted inside.

  这个传统指的是人们会在圣诞期间在屋子外面放一支点燃的蜡烛。即便在最黑暗的屋子,蜡烛也能带来光明,寓意希望。早些年代,也就是基督徒深受迫害的时候,他们被禁止布道祷告。因此,基督徒们在屋外放一支蜡烛,暗示他们仍在心里默默祷告。

  Sending gifts to loved ones

  给亲友送礼物

  This tradition comes from the story of the three wise men who got gifts for baby Jesus on Christmas. Every Christmas, gifts are exchanged among loved ones, especially children. The story of Santa Claus also comes from this tradition.

  这个传统源自一个传说:三位智者在圣诞节给婴儿耶稣送出了礼物。每年圣诞节,亲朋好友尤其是孩子们都会互赠礼物,圣诞老人的故事也源自这个传统。

  Singing Christmas carols

  唱圣诞颂歌

  It refers to the age-old custom of enchanting a number of traditional Christmas songs during the Christmas season. It adds to the joy and fun to the atmosphere. Different Christmas hymns or carols like The First Noel, Jingle Bells, Joy to the world, etc are sung every Christmas as a part of the Christmas celebration.

  这是一个古老的习俗:圣诞期间总是回荡着一首又一首圣诞传统歌曲。歌曲给人们带来欢乐,也增添了节日的气氛。每年欢度圣诞之际,《第一个圣诞节》、《铃儿响叮当》、《普世欢腾》等各种圣诞圣歌或颂歌都会奏响旋律。

  Distributing Christmas candies

  分发圣诞糖果

  This is one of the most wonderful traditions of all. Christmas candies are distributed to neighbors during the Yuletide season. On the day of Christmas, all misunderstandings and grudges are forgotten and the community comes together to celebrate the birth of Christ.

  这是所有传统中最有趣的一个。圣诞季人们向邻居们分发圣诞糖果;圣诞节那天,所有误会与仇恨统统化解,邻里之间团结一致共同庆祝耶稣的诞生。

  Making of Cribs

  制作圣诞马槽

  This is yet another age-old tradition of Christmas. A crib refers to the Nativity Scene that is prepared using small statues. The first crib ever was made outside a church of St. Francis of Assisi for children to show them how the Nativity scene was like. Since then, this tradition became very popular.

  这也是一个古老的圣诞习俗。人们用小雕像和马槽营造耶稣诞生的场景。第一个马槽建在圣法兰西斯一所教堂外面,意在向孩子们展示耶稣诞生的场景。从那以后这个习俗便一直流传了下来。

  These traditions have been carried out for decades, yet they are celebrated with more and more exuberance each year. The level of excitement has never gone down. It just keeps getting better and better with time.

  这些传统沿袭已有几十年,一年比一年热闹,盛况可谓有增无减。相信随着时间的推移,人们对传统习俗的热情只会越来越高。


小小小小咖01

回复 3 楼 2016-11-25

不同国家圣诞节习俗英文介绍

  Poland

  波兰

  For Poles, Christmas Eve is a night of magic when animals are said to talk and people have the power to predict the future. It’s a time for families to gather and reconcile any differences, and to remember loved ones who have gone before them.

  对于波兰人来说,平安夜是充满魔力的一夜。据说动物在这一夜可以与人说话,而人有预测未来的能力。家人们会在平安夜团聚一堂,调和矛盾,并怀念过世的亲人。

  Wigilia (vee-GEEL-yah), which literally means "vigil," or waiting for the birth of Baby Jesus, is considered more important than Christmas Day itself.

  对波兰人来说,“守夜”或“等待婴孩耶稣的诞生”(Wigilia)比圣诞节那一天更重要。

  Wigilia is a meatless meal because, years ago, Roman Catholics fasted for the four weeks of Advent, including Christmas Eve. In the past there were thirteen main dishes (representing the Apostles and Christ), but, these days, many families have replaced this tradition with a twelve-fruit compote for dessert.

  “守夜”晚餐是素食,因为多年前,罗马天主教徒在降临节四周一直到平安夜都斋戒。过去晚餐有13道主菜(代表耶稣和他的使徒)。但是如今许多家庭转而选择12样水果的果盘甜点。

  The foods are to represent the four corners of the earth -- mushrooms from the forest, grain from the fields, fruit from the orchards, and fish from the lakes and sea.

  食物代表地球的天涯海角——蘑菇来自于森林,谷物来自于田地,水果来自于果园,而鱼来自于湖海。

  Meals vary from family to family but usually include a special soup followed by many elegant fish preparations, vegetables, and pierogi.

  每家的饭菜都不同,但通常都包括一种特制的汤,还有许多精致的鱼肉餐、蔬菜和半圆形小酥饼。

  Czech Republic

  捷克共和国

  The Czech version of Saint Nick is known as Svaty Mikulas, who is said to climb down to Earth from the heavens using a golden rope. Mikulas is accompanied by an angel and a devil who help him decide which girls and boys deserve treats and toys, and which ones deserve a swatch.

  捷克人称圣诞老人为“米库拉斯”(Svaty Mikulas)。据说他用一根金绳从天堂爬到了大地。陪在他身边的是一位天使和一位恶魔。他们俩决定哪些男孩女孩值得得到美食和玩具而哪些孩子该被鞭打一顿。

  There are a lot of fortune-telling traditions that are associated with Christmas as well. One involves a family member cutting a branch from a cherry tree and putting it inside in water. If it blooms in time for Christmas it is good luck. It also may represent that the winter will be short, or if a single woman picked the branch, it could mean she will get married in the next year.

  圣诞节也有一些算命的习俗。其中有一个是家庭成员从樱桃树上砍下一根树枝并把它放入水中。如果它在圣诞节开了花,就表示好运。它也代表冬季会很短。倘若一位单身女子捡到了这根树枝,这表示她在明年将会结婚。

  On Christmas Eve, single woman also try to see if they will get married in the next year by standing outside with their back to their front door, removing one of their shoes and throwing it over their shoulder. If the shoe lands with the toe facing the door, then she will marry in the next year. If not, she will have to wait at least another 12 months.

  在平安夜,单身女子还会通过“扔鞋子”来测试自己明年是否会结婚。她们在屋外背对前门站着,脱下一只鞋,把它从肩上向后扔。如果鞋子落地时鞋头朝门,这就表示她们明年将会结婚。如果鞋子鞋尾朝门,她们就得再等个一年了。

  Austria

  奥地利

  Austrian children still get to celebrate the arrival of Ol’ Saint Nick, but they also have to brace themselves for the arrival of his evil counterpart, Krampus. Where Saint Nicholas rewards good behavior with treats and toys on December 6, the demonic Krampus arrives on December 5, looking to punish all the bad children. His weapons of choice are birch switches to beat children with and burlap sacks to kidnap them and throw them into the river. The worst part is that local men actually dress up like Krampus (just like many men dress up as Santa in America) and terrorize the streets. In some villages, kids are even made to run what is known as a Krampus-gauntlet, in an attempt to outrun the switches.

  地利的孩子们庆祝圣诞老人的到来,但同时他们也得迎来邪恶的克拉普斯(Krampus)。圣诞老人在12月6号给表现好的孩子送美食、发玩具。而恶魔般的克拉普斯5号就到了,意在惩罚所有的坏孩子。他把桦树枝做的鞭子当武器,还用粗麻袋绑架他们,把他们扔到河里。最糟糕的是,当地的男士会打扮的像克拉普斯(就像许多美国人打扮的像圣诞老人一样),在街上吓唬小孩子。在很多村庄里,很多小孩子甚至必须接受“克拉普斯大挑战”,他们努力比克拉普斯的鞭子跑得更快。

  France

  法国

  Children of East France have an evil visitor to keep them behaving all year long. Le Pere Fouettard, which translates into “The Whipping Father,” accompanies Saint Nicolas in on December 6. While St. Nick gives good children presents, Le Pere Fouettard gives coal and whippings to the naughty children.

  法国东部的孩子们有个邪恶的造访者,他叫“鞭子老爹”(Le Pere Fouettard),确保孩子们一整年都表现乖巧。圣诞老人12月6号给孩子分发礼物时,他也陪伴左右。“鞭子老爹”会给淘气的孩子煤块和一顿鞭子。

  One of the most popular origin stories of the character say that he was a greedy inn keeper who killed three rich boys on their way to boarding school. In many versions of the story, he even eats the children. Whether or not he cannibalizes the boys, the story ends when Saint Nick finds out and resurrects the children and forces Le Pere Fouettard to act as his servant throughout time.

  关于“鞭子老爹”这个人物的起源,最流行的一个版本是说,他是一个贪婪的旅馆老板,在三个富男孩上学路上把他们杀了。很多其他版本甚至流传他吃小孩。故事的结局是圣诞老人找到并救出了孩子们,还迫使“鞭子老爹”永世做他的仆人。

  Aside from The Whipping Father, another popular French tradition involves making a cake that looks like a traditional Yule log, known as buche de Noel. Christmas trees never really caught on in the country and while most people don’t have any use for an actual Yule log, the cake is a fun and festive substitute. Some of the buche de Nol can get fairly elaborate and even involve meringue mushrooms and edible flower decorations.

  除了“鞭子老爹”的故事,法国圣诞还有一个传统是做“圣诞柴蛋糕”。其实圣诞树从未风靡全法国。虽然圣诞柴对法国人来说没什么实际用途,但这个蛋糕代表了人们的愉快和节日的喜庆。有些“圣诞柴蛋糕”做得相当精致,甚至有蛋白酥皮小蘑菇和能吃的花朵装饰品。

  Iceland

  冰岛

  Icelandic children were once told to behave or they would be eaten by a pair of ogres that lived up in the hills. The characters were considered to be so terrifying that a public decree banned the use of these stories to scare children into behaving.

  冰岛的孩子们曾经被告知,如果表现不好就会被住在山上的食人魔夫妇吃掉。由于“食人魔”形象太过恐怖,冰岛颁布了一项公开法令,禁止用这个故事来吓唬不听话的小孩子。

  Instead of talking about the ogre couple, parents instead started telling stories of the ogre’s children, the Jolasveinar, who are bad, but not nearly as evil as their parents. Jolasveinars were originally said to play tricks on people and steal food, but now they are responsible for giving gifts to children. Bad children don’t get presents though, they get potatoes or other items that remind them that they weren’t forgotten, but don’t deserve real presents.

  父母们不再讲食人魔夫妇,转而讲他们俩的孩子(Jolasveinar)。食人魔小孩很坏,但不像他的爸妈那样邪恶。据说食人魔小孩经常捉弄人们,还偷食物。但他们现在负责给孩子们发礼物。坏孩子们虽然得不到礼物,但他们得到土豆或者其他物品,这是用来告诉他们,他们没被遗忘,但不值得得到真正的礼物。

  Italy

  意大利

  In Italy, there is no Santa, but instead there a woman called a Befana that performs the general duties of Saint Nick. The story is that the three wise men stopped during their travels and asked a woman for food and shelter. She said no, but later realized her mistake when it was too late. She now travels the earth looking for the baby Jesus and on January 6th, she leaves kids a sock filled with candy or a lump of coal.

  意大利没有圣诞老人,但有一个叫贝法娜(Befana)的女巫,她履行圣诞老人一般的职责。据说从前有三位智者在旅行中请求一位女士给些吃的,并能让他们留宿,但女士拒绝了。她接着意识到了自己的错误,但这已经太晚了。如今她环游全球,寻找婴孩时的耶稣,并会在1月6号给孩子们留下装满糖果或煤块的袜子。



901049YANGREN

回复 4 楼 2016-11-25

Norway挪威

  Norwegian folklore says that Christmas Eve is kind of like Halloween and brings about a number of evil spirits and witches. The brooms of the houses are hidden to keep them away from witches and men will often go outside and shoot their guns to ward off evil spirits.

  挪威的民间故事说平安夜类似于万圣节,会招进一些邪恶的精灵和女巫。屋里的扫把都被藏起来了,来防止女巫们作恶。男士通常会出门放几枪,来祛除邪恶的精灵。

  Pagan winter celebrations used to revolve around Thor’s pet goat and a person would arrive at the parties wearing a goatskin and carrying a goat head. He would eventually fake his death and then return to life. As Christianity started to take over the area, the goat was recast as a form of the devil and he was eventually banned.

  无神论者的圣诞庆祝过去都是以托尔(Thor)的宠物羊和一位穿着羊皮、拿着羊头出现在聚会上的人为主题。这个人会诈死,然后复生。随着基督教在挪威的盛行,山羊被重新定义为一种邪恶的化身,这个人最终也被禁止在故事中流传。

  Since then, the goat character was morphed into Julebukk, a “yule goat.” The new story of the goat involved him traveling from door to door where he would get gifts for keeping the evil spirits away. Nowadays, kids dress up and play the role of the Julebukk, where they get treats as they visit the houses.

  自那以后,“山羊人”演变为“圣诞羊”(Julebukk)。在新故事中,他挨家挨户的拜访,并且会因祛除邪恶精灵而得到礼物。如今,孩子们会打扮得像“圣诞羊”,也会像他那样在拜访每家每户得到奖赏。


男儿患无志wdl

回复 5 楼 2016-11-25

Ukraine乌克兰

  While the story about German families hiding a pickle ornament on their tree is false, Ukrainians actually do hide a spider web ornament on their tree and it is supposed to be good luck for the person who finds it. The story behind the tradition is that an old widow had no money to decorate her tree and went to bed upset that her children would have an undecorated tree the next day. While she was asleep, a spider decorated the tree with a beautiful web. When the first light of day hit the webs, they turned to silver and gold and the widow and her children never went longing again.

  尽管德国家庭在树上藏泡菜装饰物的故事是假的,但乌克兰人事实上的确会在树上藏一个蜘蛛网装饰物,据说这可以为找到它的人带来好运。这个传统背后的故事是,有一个老寡妇没有钱来装饰圣诞树,她沮丧地上床睡觉,因为她的孩子第二天只能得到一颗没有任何装饰的树。然而,当她醒来时,一只蜘蛛用一张漂亮的网装饰了圣诞树。当第一缕晨光照到网上时,网变成了银子和金子,老妇人和她的孩子从此再也不愁钱花了。

sky天天2222

回复 6 楼 2016-11-25

Japan日本

  While most Japanese residents are not Christian, the majority of people still celebrate Christmas just for the fun of it. Unsurprisingly, the rituals are slightly different than those we are used to. Because KFC has marketed the idea that fried chicken is the traditional meal for the holidays, the restaurants are so busy on Christmas Day that reservations are required.

  尽管大多数日本人都不是基督徒,但绝大多数人都图个好玩儿来庆祝圣诞节。仪式跟我们所熟知的稍有不同,这不足为奇。由于肯德基已经推广了“炸鸡是圣诞传统小吃”这一概念,节日当天肯德基餐馆业务太繁忙,顾客需要预订才能买到炸鸡。

  Most of the holiday celebrations revolve around romantic love more than family relationships and bakeries even sell cakes for sweethearts.

  节日庆祝活动大多以浪漫爱情为主题,而非家庭亲情。面包店甚至会给甜食控们提供蛋糕。

  Children still have a Santa figure though, only in this case, he is a traditional Japanese god who is known for his generosity. Hoteiosho is a heavy-set Buddhist priest who carries a large sack of presents. Children know they have to be good because Hoteiosho has eyes in the back of his head.

  但是孩子们还是有一个圣诞老人形象(Hoteiosho)的。他是传统的日本神,以慷慨著称。他的形象是一个身材魁梧的佛教徒,背着一大麻袋礼物。孩子们都知道自己得好好表现,因为圣诞老人后脑勺上长了眼睛。

仏晓魅影

回复 7 楼 2016-11-25

Greece希腊


  Residents will fill a shallow bowl with water and then tie wire with a wooden cross and a sprig of basil over the bowl. Once a day the cross and basil are dipped into holy water, which is then sprinkled through the house. This ceremony is used to keep out goblins, known as Killikantzaroi out of the house.

  希腊人会将一只浅碗灌满水,然后用金属丝把一个木制十字架和罗勒小枝系在碗上。每天都要把十字架和罗勒枝浸到圣水中,然后满屋撒圣水。这个礼节是用来防止小妖精(Killikantzaroi)进屋。

  These mischievous goblins that come from the center of the earth only appear during the twelve days of Christmas. While bratty, they’re not really evil and tend to do bratty things like souring milk and extinguishing fires. Because they are said to enter the house through the fireplace, fires are left burning all day and night during this time of year.

  这些爱恶作剧的小妖精来自地球的中心,只在圣诞这十二天出现。它们虽然讨厌,但不是真正的恶魔,只是会做讨厌的事情,例如撒出牛奶和熄灭炉火。据说它们是从房子的壁炉进来的,因此希腊人在圣诞期间白天和夜晚都会燃着炉火。


西小早qin

回复 8 楼 2016-11-25

Germany德国


  Belsnickel is the German Santa’s dark enforcer, but he’s not nearly as evil as Krumpus or The Whipping Father. Instead he just wears fur from head to toe and gives good girls and boys candy and bad children coal and switches.

  贝尔森克(Belsnickel)是德国圣诞老人的惩罚执行者,但他没克拉普斯或鞭子老爹那么邪恶。他从头到脚穿着毛皮,给好孩子们发糖果,给坏孩子们煤块和一顿鞭子。

  Many are decorated with a wreath known as an “Adventskranz.” These wreaths have four candles which serve as a sort of weekly advent calendar, as each Sunday marks the opportunity to light a new candle.

  许多地方都装饰有“降临节花环”(Adventskranz)。花环上有四只蜡烛,代表着降临节周历。每周日都点燃一只蜡烛。四只都被点燃时就意味着圣诞节到了。

  On December 21, St. Thomas Day is believed to be the shortest day of the year and anyone who arrives late to work is called a “Thomas Donkey.” They are also given a cardboard donkey and made fun of throughout the rest of the day.

  12月21日是“圣·托马斯日”(St. Thomas Day),据说是一年中最短的一天。任何在这一天上班迟到的人都被叫做“托马斯驴子”,他们还会收到一个纸板做的驴子,并且被嘲笑一整天。

  Like many places in Europe, the Christmas tree is kept secret from the children until Christmas Eve. The parents bring the tree in, decorate it with candies, tinsel, lights and toys, put presents and plates of candy treats under the tree and then ring a bell signaling that the children can enter. The children then get to eat snacks and the whole family opens presents.

  跟欧洲许多地方一样,在德国,圣诞树直到平安夜才能让孩子们看到。父母们把圣诞树拉出来,装饰上蜡烛、金属亮片、彩灯和玩具,把礼物和一碟碟的糖果放在树下,然后摇一下铃,表示孩子们可以进来了。小孩子们便可以吃小吃,全家一起打开礼物。


  推荐阅读:

  平安夜祝福

  圣诞节旅游攻略

  白色圣诞节

  圣诞节的习俗